Betta fish are extremely popular. A large number of people keep them as pets. They look good in the aquarium and are available in different colors and shapes.
You will find different variations of the fish. They mainly differ in terms of tail type, colors, and patterns.
They are known to be quite aggressive but if you provide them the right care, you will find them easy to maintain. The most important thing is to feed them on time and keep them in the right environment.
Knowing More About Betta Fish
Another word for Betta fish is the “Siamese Fighting Fish”. They are popular among beginner aquarists since they are not very demanding. Betta fish have striking personalities.
Thanks to crossbreeding, you will find them in amazing tail variations and colorations. You will have a lot of fun keeping betta fish due to their unique psychology and behavior.
Plus, according to some reports, they are able to identify their owners and some have been found to create bubble nests. They are born with a unique organ called the labyrinth. It helps in the breathing process as their gills may not always be enough.
Bettas are classified based on their appearance including colors, patterns, and tails. You will find tails in different variations, from short and neat to long and flowing. Also, some have multiple patterns while some have a single pattern on the body.
However, their most striking personality trait is their color. You will find them in multiple colors including some very sharp colors. All in all, you will find hundreds of variations of betta fish.
It is important to identify male and female bettas. Here’s how:
Male and Female
Male fish often fight each other and hence cannot be put together. They will fight and kill each other. Moreover, they may be hostile towards other species as well. On the other hand, female fish can stay in the same tank for as long as there is enough space in the tank.
Male bettas are colorful, whereas female bettas are dull. Plus, they are bigger than females and have more distinct fins.
Betta Fish Tails
If you ever get to see betta, you will notice how greatly their tails differ. This is why experts classify them on the design and color of their tails.
In fact, some fish are named based on their tail. These include Halfmoon, Crowntail, and Veiltail.
Now without any further ado, let’s get to know the many types of betta fish in detail based on the finds:
1. Veil Tail
Veil Tail Bettas are the most common type of bettas. You will find them in almost all pet stores.
Because Veil Tail Bettas are so popular, they have been overbred and fish enthusiasts, breeders, and pet owners do not take that much interest in them anymore.
Even though the Veil Tail Betta has become too abundant, it is still known to be a spectacular looking fish with a long, flowing tail. Its beautiful tail gently falls from the caudal peduncle and dorsal. Anal fins also seem to belong and flowing.
Veil Tail or VT Bettas have an asymmetrical tail, meaning that if it is split right through the middle, each half would look different.
Most specimens have drooping or hanging tails that remain that way even when the fish is flaring its fins. This makes the Veil Tail Betta seem inferior to other types of Betta tail types.
2. Combtail Betta
Combtail Betta has a fan-like caudal fin with a considerable spread. In some cases, its fin might have a slight droop similar to the one seen with the Veil Tail.
Combtail Betta’s fins should ideally have a spread of 180 degrees, however, most are found with spreads less than 180 degrees.
The Combtail Betta has fin rays extending well beyond the fin webbing, which gives it a more spiky appearance. Although the Combtail fins are said to resemble a comb, the CrownTail fin discussed below fits the description much better.
The Crowntail, also known as CT, originated from Indonesia and was first found in 1997. Its fin rays consist of less webbing than other tail types which makes it appear very spiky. Hence the story behind the name “crown” tail.
CT bettas are very easy to recognize because of the little amount of webbing they have and their extended fin rays. They have a different outlook than most other types because of their distinctive crown-like spikes.
You will find them with two, three, four, or crossed ray extensions. Their spread should be a complete 180 degrees, but is commonly a little less, which is usually acceptable.
4. Delta Types
Delta Tail or DT Betta fish are named so because of their resemblance to the Greek “D.” The shape is, however, a bit more rounded at the edges.
There are two Delta type fish, namely the Super Delta Betta and the Standard Delta Betta.
A Super Delta’s tail almost reaches a 180-degree spread, which is just like a Half Moon Tail. On the other hand, a Standard or plain Delta Betta has a much smaller tail spread.
Both the Super Delta Betta and the Standard Delta Betta are distinguishable by their evenly spread tails. It is easy to see the even spread of the Betta’s tail by imagining a horizontal line down the middle of its body; it would be symmetrical on either side.
The Delta Tail type should not show any crowing or combing of the fin rays. There should be webbing up to the edges of the tail so it doesn’t appear to have spiked.
5. Double Tail
The double tail Betta is also termed as “DT”. It has a double caudal fin. The caudal fin is not a single fin that is split into two parts, rather it is a tail which is truly double. It consists of two caudal peduncles.
DT Betta fish do not have even-sized caudal fins, even though evenly split fins are most desirable. DT Bettas also have broad anal and dorsal fins and short bodies than other types.
6. Half Moon Types
The caudal fin of a Half Moon betta fish is 180-degree .
Half Moon Betta fish are termed as HM whereas Over Half Moon Betta fish are termed as OHM.
The HM Betta has dorsal and anal fins that are larger than the average size and their spread is like the shape D or a half-moon. HM Bettas are striking creatures.
Sometimes, the HM Betta’s extraordinarily large tail might get damaged or torn which is usually termed as “blowing a tail.”
An OHM Betta fish is the same as the HM Betta except that its spread goes above 180 degrees once the tail is flared.
7. Half Sun
Selective breeding of two types of bettas – the CrownTail and the Half Moon – results in this beauty.
The Half Sun variety has a complete 180-degree spread but that’s not its only unique quality. It also possesses rays that extend beyond the caudal fin’s webbing.
This trait is similar to the CrownTail Betta. However, they do not look identical. Half Sun bettas do not have very well extended rays, unlike CrownTail Betta.
Plakat Betta, also known as PK, has a very short tail. It resembles wild bettas.
These types of bettas are commonly mistaken for being females since they all have shorter tails than usual. There is a difference, however, since males have longer ventral fins with sharp and pointed anal fins. They also have caudal fins that are more round in shape.
A traditional PK betta possesses a short and rounded tail, which may sometimes appear slightly pointed as well.
Two more types of PK bettas have come forth due to selective breeding methods. These two are the CrownTail Plakat and Half Moon Plakat.
- Half Moon Plakats usually have short tails but their tails spread to a 180-degree angle like the traditional Half Moon Betta.
- The CrownTail Plakat possesses overly extended ray fins and lesser webbing. It is similar to a CrownTail, but still has the main characteristic of a Plakat, which includes having a short tail.
9. Rosetail and Feathertail
The Rosetail Betta is just like the HM, but it is a slightly more extreme version.
Its caudal fin spreads to more than 180 degrees. The rays on the Rosetail contain excessive branching, giving off a messy, ruffled look towards the tail’s edges. They are often related to the ruffled appearance of rose petals.
A feather tail is distinguishable by its extremely ruffled rays that may even give off a hint of a zig-zag design.
Even though a Rosetail has a lot of ruffles, the Feathertail Betta is even more ruffled.
10. Round Tail
A Round Tail Betta is quite like the Delta types, however, it is completely rounded and does not contain any straight edges close to its body. Mostly all the tails form a “D” shape.
The Round Tail Betta might also be associated with a Plakat because of its overall appearance. Its tail is, however, fuller and longer. Plakats, as previously discussed, possess shorter tails than usual.
This type of Betta fish gets its name from the very prominent spade-like structure of the caudal fin. The tail shape forms a large base moving towards a narrow and smooth pointy end.
12. Dumbo Ear
The Dumbo Ear Betta, also known as the Elephant Ear Betta, has huge pectoral fins, making them appear similar to Elephant ears. Despite their excessively big ear-like fins, this betta type is one-of-a-kind and extremely aesthetic.
Its fins are usually a different color than the rest of the body making the fish appear unique and more attractive. However, in some cases, they may be the same as the rest of the fish.
Betta Fish Colors
Betta fish are available in multiple colors including black, blue, orange, red, green, white, yellow, and purple. You will even find them in some rare and exotic colors. Plus, contrasting bettas are also extremely popular.
Let’s get to know more about bettas based on color:
Turquoise is a mix of blue and green. It gives off different shades in different lighting conditions. You will have to take a close look at the pet’s skin and shine a light on it to see the actual color. There won’t be any visible yellow tint, it will most likely be on the green side.
The Half Moon betta is popular in this color.
Pastels are iridescent bettas (green steel blue, and blue). Non-Red or Cambodian gene sets them apart from the common dark body iridescent bettas.
The White Dragon King Crown betta fish is a popular fish in this color.
Red is a very common color when it comes to bettas. Most red bettas are very bold in appearance.
If you want to choose a red better then it is best to opt for a fish that has no other colors. It should be solid red.
Fish that contain other shades with red do not always look good. It affects the shine of the actual color as well.
However, if you think it is attractive then go for it. Siamese Fighting Fish is the most popular red betta.
4. Mustard Gas
Mustard gas is a popular betta color. It is a mix of dark blue green with some more additions that makes it a bi-color betta.
It typically has yellow or orange fins to complete the appearance. Delta is one of the most popular bettas available in this color combination.,
5. Different Blues
Some different shades of blue include bright blue, royal blue, and steel blue. The bright blue color is like a true blue which can include some blue wash, which means other colors may blend with it.
Blue is the most popular color when it comes to bettas.
Steel-blue fish possess cool and gray tones. The most vibrant type of blue betta is the royal blue one which has a bright, iridescent blue coloring.
Clear betta fish are also known as cellophane since they have no pigment. Instead, the insides of the fish are visible through the translucent skin and it gives a slightly pink tinge.
Their fins and tails are also colorless and almost see-through. Be sure not to confuse this type of betta with the albino color type (as we’ll see shortly).
You can tell it apart from an Albino Betta by noting its eyes. Albino fish have pink eyes, whereas clear bettas have black eyes.
Black betta fish are found in three different varieties including Melano, Metallic, or Black lace.
- Melano black is the most common option. These fish are completely blackand infertile.
- The metallic color is more like copper with a few iridescent scales.
- Black lace betta fish are fertile and possess deep black skin. Most people prefer Black Lace over Melano since it’s easier to breed.
Black melano is among the most popular black betta fish.
Copper-colored betta fish have highly iridescent features which include shades of gold, deep copper or metallic hints of blue, purple, or gold.
When put under low light, these fish appear to be brown or silver. However, once light shines through them, they exhibit a wonderful copper tint.
Green betta fish are very rare and people commonly mistake turquoise fish for green colored fish.
True green is very hard to find in a betta but if you do, it is a highly precious variety.
Green is difficult to spot because, without shining light, the color will appear to be an extremely dark green and even brown or black.
Turquoise bettas are among the most popular variety of green.
Orange betta fish are also very rare. They come in a shade close to tangerine but are usually mistaken for red if the lighting isn’t adequate. To bring out their true orange color, you will need to shine an appropriate amount of light on them.
11. Orange Dalmatian
An orange Dalmatian Betta or an orange-spotted Betta is very unique in appearance. It has apricot-colored spots. The entire fish has a pale orange body and fins with bright orange colored streaks or spots.
12. Yellow and Pineapple
Yellow betta fish are also called non-red bettas. They range from a very light-yellow color to rich butter-like tones.
Similarly, pineapple colored betta fish have a dark yellow definition surrounding the scales that give them a look similar to pineapple scales.
This is one of the most rare betta colors. They are available in purplish-blue and violet shades.
Albino betta fish are solid white without any pigmentation. Their eyes are either pink or red.
The Albino Betta is extremely rare mainly because it goes blind very early on in its life. This makes them even harder to breed, making them even more scarce.
Betta Fish Pattern Types
Bi-colored bettas have two colors. The body is one color and the fins are a different color, hence they have a unique appearance.
There are two variations to this specific pattern type which are light bi-colored and dark bi-colored. The light bi-colored version has a light-colored body whereas its fins are usually a darker color.
Most people choose Betts with a contrasting fin as it looks more attractive.
Dark bi-colored bettas needs to have a solid colored body from one of the six acceptable solid colors.
Their fins may be clear or bright in color, but they should contrast with the body.
Cambodian bettas are similar to bi-colored bettas with just a slight difference. The Cambodian pattern is characterized by a pale body which should be either light pink or white. Its fins are usually a bright and solid color, the most common color is red.
A dragon patterned betta is one of the newly discovered types that possesses a striking, metal-like skin.
Its main color is usually very vibrant such as a bright red and the scales are thick, white, iridescent,and metallic looking.
The scales can be easily described as being similar to dragon scales.
A butterfly pattern includes a solid body color that also runs into the fins. However, right at the edges of the fins the color changes and forms a distinct line. After this line, the fin becomes either translucent or pale.
This gives the fin a double toned appearance similar to a butterfly’s wing patterns. Ideally, the fin colors are split evenly into two parts, but it is difficult to find.
Betta fish have a unique body. Their face almost always looks darker than the rest of the body. However, not Mask Bettas. Their faces are in the exact same color as the entire body.
This kind of pattern is more common in blue, copper, and turquoise colors, although you will find mask bettas in other colors, too.
Marble bettas consist of irregular patterns across their entire body, giving off a splash-like appearance.
They usually have a pale base color with solid bold colors such as red or blue. Marble Bettas don’t necessarily need to have the marble pattern on their fins. Some might have translucent fins, too.
An interesting fact about marble bettas is that their patterns change through the course of their lives. This is one of the major reasons why people like to keep them as pets.
Multicolored betta fish contain three or more colors. These fish also don’t seem to fit into pre-defined pattern types.
A solid-colored betta fish consists of a single color only. Bright red is the most common color followed by shades of blue.
A wild patterned betta exhibits brown or dull red colors on the body. Some variations may include green or blue iridescent scales. Blue or red fins are also common on the fins of male bettas.
Piebald pattern refers to a betta that has a white or pink-colored face that has a flesh-like appearance, while its body is a completely different color.
These fish are usually found in dark solid colors. They may also have subtle marble or butterfly patterns.
Grizzled betta patterns consist of splitting dark and light colors. Both colors are split evenly.
These fish appear as if someone has just painted on them since the fins can look similar to paint strokes from a paintbrush.
Wild Betta Types
The types of fish we discussed above are all domestic. You will find what you need at your nearest pet store. However, they are some wild bettas as well. Wild varieties are not kept as pets.
- Betta Mahachaiensis,
- Betta Chini, Betta Tomi,
- Krabi Betta (Simplex),
- Betta Spilotogena,
- Betta Hipposideros,
- Spotfin Betta.
- Betta Chloropharynx,
- Betta Mandor,
- Emerald Green,
- Betta Miniopinna,
- Betta Strohi,
- Peaceful Betta,
- Betta Livida,
- Betta Burdigala,
- Betta Persephone,
- Betta Rultians,
- Betta Brownorum,
- Betta Picta (Spotted),
- Betta Pallifina,
- Betta Pugnax (Penang),
- Betta Albimaraginata,
- Betta Channoides,
Each wild betta differs in appearance and characteristics. They also live in different settings including swamps and freshwater.
There are so many unique and colorful bettas available. Pick one that you find the best but make sure to provide them the right care.